Kanbula National Forest Park – Rare landforms and religious temples

Kanbula National Forest Park – red-cloud landforms and religious temples

With a total area of 7,200ha, Kanbula National Forest Park is located in the northwest of Jianzha County and beside the Lijiaxia Reservoir area. Featured by high mountain, deep valley, thick woods and quiet environment, it is composed of mountains, deflated hills and small intermountain basins. The highest peak is Shenbao Mountain, whose elevation is 4,614m. With “red-cloud landforms and religious temples” as the main part, the park and Lijiaxia reservoir jointly form a beautiful picture of red mountain and green water. The red-cloud landforms in this area are the most typical ones in the newly discovered third red stratum in China.

The religious cultures are very advanced in the area of Kanbula, which is the birthplace of Tibetan Buddhism in its later period. Here is the home of Ahqiong Nanzong Temple, Nanzong Buddhist Nunnery, Zanzongzha Temple and Gabu Temple, all of which have a history more than 1100 years. Nanzong Temple and Nanzong Buddhist Nunnery are the only religious Buddhist places with monks and nuns coexist with each other in Qinghai Province China.

There are deflated hills formed in the northwest of Qaidam Basin for the long-term erosion of wind and sand, which are called red-cloud landforms. The unique Kanbula red-cloud landforms are mainly featured by wonderful peaks, high mountains, caves, precipitous cliffs and many rock peaks, stone columns and stone walls in shapes. The large mountains look like grand and vertical column, tower or castle; the small hills look like giant and strange animal of odd shapes. “Meeting of Fairies”, “Qiangqi Hill” and “Nanzong Valley” are the most representative of the landforms in various appreciable shapes.

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